Color discord is created by using colors widely separated on the color wheel. These colors are visually disturbing … they clash. But, however unpleasant, they can provide excitement. For example: pink and orange.
Pictures move you from one place to another in an abrupt, dynamic way much like a fast, staccato rhythm in music will give you the impression of movement. Rhythm in art is created by the repetition of elements. Similarity of elements, or flowing, circular elements will give a more connected flowing rhythm to a picture, while jagged, or unrelated elements will create a more unsettling, dynamic picture.
In optical movement, the eye is forced to move around the picture dynamically in order to see all the different elements. Optical movement can be enhanced by curved forms that keep your eyes moving in a circular pattern throughout the picture.
Live figures portrayed in unstable body positions cause us to feel that motion is imminent. We know from past experience with these positions that some kind of movement will occur. This heightens the feeling of motion.
This device reproduces the visual image, but in the very special view that occurs when an item is pointed directly at the viewer. In Alexander Rodchenko’s At the Telephone, we are presented with the top fo the figure’s head pointing directly at us.
Space can be used to both separate and connect elements in a design. Wider spaces separate elements from each other and narrower spaces connect elements to reveal relationships between them. Overlapping elements maximizes their relationship.
Rhythm, direction, and motion are created by controlling the shape space in or designs.
Aerial perspective describes the use of color or value to demonstrate depth.
As objects recede away from the viewer in atmospheric perspective, bright whites and rich blacks tend toward medium gray and eventually disappear into a blue/gray background. Even colors have greater intensity closer to a viewer than they do further away.
Pattern is the repetition of a visual element in a regular and anticipated sequence. It is like a “dress pattern” or template, but it has a more general meaning referring to repetition of a design motif.
Texture is an element of two-dimensional and three-dimensional design and is distinguished by its perceived visual and tactile sense.
These are lines with a sharp contour, which thin out and disappear into a mysterious darkness. The type of lines are used for the interpretation of an object in which we do not get a complete scene but merely a suggestive form.